Assessment the Condition and Symptomatic State of a Psychiatric Patient
The test has been found to have been used in studies across time since it was created, thus supporting it as a valuable addition to the study of schizophrenia during the last half of the 20th century and into the millennia. The BPRS tool has been evaluated over sixty years of use, expanding upon its structure with developments that can be used in modern practice.
There are different but common tools that can be used to assess someone suffering from schizophrenia or to do research on diagnostic experiences of the disorder. One of the most common tools used in research is the Research Diagnosis Criteria (RDC) which was created in 1975. Structured interview instruments include the Present State Examination (PSE) from 1970, the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia (SADS), and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV are all valued instruments for the diagnosis of schizophrenia (Lieberman, 2006). The DSM-IV-TR is the most common diagnostic tool that is used for coming to the conclusion that someone is afflicted with the disorder of schizophrenia (see Appendix 3). One of the longest existing and still used assessments from the 20th century, however, is that of the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale from 1962.
The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale was developed in 1962 by John E Overall and Donald R, Gorham in order to support a rapid assessment for psychiatric patients. The original assessment had sixteen criteria questions that all can be answered through a seven-point ordered rating scale. The purpose of the assessment is to efficiently determine changes that occur through an economic means so that the assessment supplies the most information possible within a short time. The developers of the tool recommend that two interviewers be present during the interview to independently assess the patient so that the best possible observations can accompany the assessment.