Community Participation and Water Resource Management
Basic services include infrastructure such as water supply, sanitation, health facilities and hospitals, education facilities such as schools and colleges, and adequate transportation services. According to Munier (2005: 10), for sustainable development in the built environment, the proper methodology should be followed. “Sustainability should meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Sustainability is a vision of the future which provides us with a road map, and helps focus on a set of values, ethical and moral principles by which to guide our actions”.The successful management of a community water supply means operating and maintaining a system on an every-day basis, so that members of the community can avail of the facility as planned. Management of water supply includes an increase in the hygienic handling and prevention of pollution of water, to improve community health (Davis et al, 1993: 141).The purpose of this paper is to determine how the participation of community members to provide essential infrastructure can ensure the delivery of basic services such as water supply. Several community water management case studies are reviewed and discussed.Improved water and sanitation are fundamentally essential for “eradicating extreme poverty and hunger, reducing child mortality, improving maternal health, combating HIV/ AIDS, malaria and other diseases, ensuring universal primary education, gender equality and women’s empowerment, strengthening environmental sustainability and developing a global partnership for development” which are the Millennium Development Goals, 2005 to 2015 being the Decade for Action: Water for Life, state WHO/ UNICEF (2005: 2).A water supply system can range in size from one handpump in a village to a complex gravity system serving several thousand households in urban areas (Davis et al, 1993: 141). The main reasons fordeveloping community water supply are: to improve social and economic conditions and to improve the health of the community.