Definitions and treatment of Psychological Abnormality
Task 1 will entail examination of the pros and cons of existing definitions of psychological abnormalities, discussion of the suppositions made and remedies proposed by one psychological and one biological view of abnormality, and evaluation of the evidence to support each view. It will also include an evaluation of the influence of culture, socioeconomic class and gender on the prevalence and diagnosis of psychological disorders. Task 2 will involve completion of a chart and definition of the manifestations of one psychological disorder, assessment of at least two rationales for the disorder, and presentation of the main points, commonalities, contrasts, and pros and cons of each rationale.
The main attribute is unusual behaviour. a huge contrast with the norm. This definition uses the premise that all human behaviours are normally distributed. It holds that in all classifications of human characteristics majority of people exhibit patterns that fall around the norm. This implies that the farther away a classification falls from the norm, the fewer the individuals (Barlow &. Durand, 2014:19). For instance, gender is a natural human attribute. people are almost always male or female. It is, therefore, safe to say that gender is normally distributed. As a result, any gender classification that deviates from the male/female axis is abnormal. Attributes falling beyond a particular range from the normal statistics can, therefore, be categorised as unusual. This range is determined using standard deviation units.
Standard deviation units are statistics that show researchers how many individuals transcend the norm. For instance, the rate of individual’s one standard deviation higher than the norm is roughly 34 percent. A common method used by researchers involves classifying individuals who rank above two standard deviations as abnormal (Zachar, 2014:26). Research shows that in any classification, 95.4 percent of people exhibit