Discuss the psychosocial implications of having an increased genetic risk for Autistic Spectrum Disorders
Generally, individuals with ASD are unable to appropriately utilize nonverbal behaviors. Thus, during social interaction individuals are unable to utilize facial expressions and body language to communicate. Moreover, these individuals also fail to use interactive verbal and non verbal behaviors. (Abraham 2008).
Individuals with ASD are unable to communicate appropriately in social interactions because of qualitative impairment. (Abraham 2008).Lack of social interaction is manifested in several ways including: lack of participation in activities, remaining alone and increased use solitary and disinterest in the activities of others. As compared to typically developing individuals, ASD individuals exhibit a failure to develop relationships. (Waltz 2002). Finally, the rules of social interaction and understanding of basic social knowledge is not appropriately developed in individuals with ASD. The deficit in communication further compounds the impairments in social interaction. Such individuals face both expressive and receptive difficulties. Use of underdeveloped grammar, pronoun reversals, and echolalic and preseverative speech, are some of the characteristics of communication deficit in ASDs. Furthermore, the use of expressive language is only limited to the communication of desires and wants. (Abraham 2008). Limitation language comprehension and literal interpretation of meaning are the two common characteristics of receptive language impairment. Individuals with ASD also have difficulty in understanding and interpreting figurative and inferential language. (Worth 2005).
The characteristic behavioral excesses are manifested due to impairments in communications and social interactions. Stereotypic, repetitive and ritualistic behaviors are included in behavioral excesses. Furthermore, behavioral excesses also include over indulgence in limited activities and