Hawthorne Studies Experiments
It is a rare phenomenon when any modernization in one field could bring revolution in almost every aspect. A highly motivated and enthusiastic person can bring significant rewards for the organization like a good and efficient captain can navigate the ship to its destination. Dejected and demotivated employees on the other hand make the working atmosphere ominous and gloomy.Employer or owner of any organization always aims at getting maximum profit. They work for stability and sustainability in the market. In order to capture and get a hold on the market, they put efforts to maximize their production to the highest echelon. It is evident that in this competitive era, Charles Darwin’s theory of survival of fittest is applicable in every facet of life. It becomes imperative for the employer to maintain a congenial and co-operative working atmosphere in the organization and avoiding any kind of conflict between the employees. A friendly and affable environment is always progressive. Freedom to express and acceptance of innovative thoughts and implementation of novel work brings rewards in terms of enhanced productivity.Keeping this in focus and to foster maximum hold on market and gain maximum profit, research in all traits is going on. One such study, served as a pioneer in this attribute was conducted. it laid the paradigm for the motivation of employees, to enhance production.The study encompasses a progression of experiments, performed on the workers at “Western Electric Hawthorne Works” in Chicago between 1927 and 1932 to enhance productivity ("The Hawthorne Works" from Assembly Magazine).The main aim of these experiments was to get a methodology to enhance productivity. In relay assembly experiments a group of 6 women workers was selected and provided a separate room to assemble telephone relays. Out was calculated mechanically by counting the finished relays, went down to the shaft. This continued for five years. The room was set well with a supervisor to provide guidance, suggestions, and open discussions.