King Philips War
During fifty-five years after the arrival of Mayflower, with her first settlers from England, history reveals that the settlers were becoming prospered and multiply while the natives were decreasing due to diseases contracted by the settlers of which they had no cure.With a growing population and the need for economic expansion and survival, land ownership and rights often became the source of conflict between the settlers and the natives. Not only the Indians were declining in numbers due to death but also, according to global security, they were sold by the settlers as slaves into the Caribbean. Agriculture was the main source of economic production of the native and the settlers’ were livestock. While the Indian grew corn, the settlers bred cattle and too often the cattle damaged the corn and this incident became the cause of daily disputes between the two groups.This conflict lingered without a solution and it became a war after the Wampanoag killed some of the cattle of the British farmers in protest to the damage of their corn caused by the cattle near the headquarters of the Wampanoag in what is now called Bristol, Rhode Island (Tougias, 1997).In retaliation, the farmer killed an Indian even threatened to kill the entire Indians in Massachusetts Bay and Plymouth Bay Colonies. Yet, this threat added fuel to the conflict. “The Nipmuck Indians, who lived in what is now central Massachusetts, joined forces with Philip’s Wampanoag’s” (Tougias, 1997). And together they attack and took over Brookfield.According to Tougias, this attack was dramatic because the entire British soldiers led by Captain Hutchinson and Wheeler were paralyzed. Eight soldiers were killed in the trap and the rest of the soldiers barely made it back to the garrison at Brookfield. Back at Brookfield, they were surrounded by the Indians who burned all the buildings and set the garrison on fire.Together with the settlers, the surviving soldiers tried to extinguish the flames with their last source of drinking water but to no avail.