Management of Maritime Operations
Such an issue occurs in the case of the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships Ballast Water and Sediments (BWM). The terms of this Convention are reviewed and explained in this paper aiming to show the operational and commercial effects of this legislative text on the organization. Suggestions are made as to how the challenges that the specific Convention sets for the organization could be faced. It is concluded that the organization should develop a series of measures for avoiding violating the terms of the Convention. however, because such an event cannot be considered as guaranteed, a careful examination of the terms of the Convention should be primarily developed. Then, measures can be taken in accordance with the level of the involvement of the organization in such risk, if such involvement can be estimated, the cost and the resources required, the effects of such initiative, and the expected success of the relevant efforts. The avoidance of any violation of the laws related to marine activities should be among the firm’s priorities. but the methodology through which such target could be achieved should be carefully reviewed and developed, in the context explained below.The International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships Ballast Water and Sediments (BWM) was adopted in 2004 and entered into force within 12 months (IMO 2011). However, still, the Convention is ratified only by 30 states, meaning that there is a significant gap to be covered so that the enforcement of the Convention worldwide to become more effective. The pollution caused in the marine ecosystem through the ballast water, which carries harmful aquatic organisms, is the Convention’s key issue. In order to understand the value of the Convention, it would be necessary to refer to the key characteristics of ballast water and its potential effects on marine ecosystems: ballast water is used for ensuring ships’ stability during the voyage which can be threatened in case that the cargo is less than a minimum weight (European Maritime Safety Agency 2011).