Position the Government Could Adopt to Resolve the Situation with the Californian Indian Council

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As explained in the case, unknown quantities of oil reserves have been located on the South Mojave Reserve. The Hakama tribes are the inhabitants of the reservation and this group is a member of the California Indian Council. &nbsp.It is the case that the Reservation property has legal status as private land and as such the Hacame tribe is legally entitled to whatever property lies beneath the soil. Whilst the quantity of oil available beneath the land is legally entitled to the Hacama tribe it is the case that they are demanding through the council that the State of California provides bilingual education for all Indian groups in California in exchange for providing the State, access to the oilfields.

First, an analysis of the current markup of the California Indian Tribes will be provided. Whilst there are a number of different Indian tribes across California, it is the case that for the purposes of this report only recognized California Tribes on reservations. Whilst it is the case that there are a number of State and Federally unrecognized tribes they are not represented by the Californian Indian Council and as such would not be part of the bilingual education program.

California happens to have an extremely diverse indigenous population both linguistically and culturally. According to the California Indian Library Collections (2009)The linguistic groups in California can be broken up into six groups (Athapaskan, Algonquian, Hokan, Penutian, Uto-Aztecan, and Yuki). According to Leanne Hinton (1993) before contact with outsiders there were over 100 spoken indigenous languages in California, and whilst most of them still exist today it is the case that many of them have become functionally extinct and many more are endangered. Hinton (1993)further argued that a conservative estimate of Shasta Language speakers as between 0 and 1, with similar numbers for Modoc, Cupeno, Cahto, Juaneno, Maidu, Tolowa, and Miwok.

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