Strengths of Theoretical Models in the Biblical Principles
It is for this reason that the secular counseling models focused on issues like social, emotional, psychological and physical aspects, but the bottom line, these are all linked to human behavior, which is an indication that psychology cannot be departed from secular counseling. Therefore, experts in counseling find secular counseling and Christian counseling to have diverged, significantly. For instance, in the Christian tradition, divorce and homosexuality are considered sins and both as illnesses or diseases (Gaines, 1998, p.291). However, Gaines explained that divorce is only considered as a stressful event in secular psychiatry. Homosexuality on the other hand from the point of view of science may be due to other important factors, including but not limited to social, emotional, psychological and biological concerns. Clinical practitioners are therefore placing more significant trust in professional counseling under the secular context than the Christian counseling process, due to the essence of scientific and theoretical approaches in it.
It is therefore clear that secular counseling and Christian counseling are two most common forms of counseling practices today, but with vital differences especially in their respective principles. The work at hand tries to elaborate on the strengths and weaknesses of the theoretical models in the light of biblical principles linked to the ideas of secular counseling and Christian counseling, in order to evaluate their effectiveness.
There are various counseling theories and models involved in secular counseling. These include but not limited to common and popular ones like the client-centered, the holistic health approach, the strengths-based, cognitive-behavioral therapy. .