The Difference of Political System Between Canada and China
The political culture of Canada is described as layered, although the various levels cannot be clearly distinguished. Canadians believe in the democratic form of Government and that the rule of the majority will prevail when a compromise solution cannot be found. The system of Parliamentary democracy also supports political equality, as in one person, one vote. Regular elections are held and citizens are committed voters, but they do not participate actively in the political process and this spectator-participant aspect is characteristic of Canadian political culture (www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com). Canadians also prefer to reply upon Government initiatives to solve economic problems rather than relying upon the private sector. Another layer of political culture in Canada contains their ambivalent attitude towards the United States which is their largest trading partner, yet there is a subtle resistance to the imposition of American interests, especially in English Canada and foreign investments are being restricted. Political culture in Canada is also characterized by regionalism, wherein the political cultures of French-speaking and English speaking Canada are different, because of the different educational systems, religion, and language, with French-speaking Canadians seeking resolutions for their problems from Quebec while English speaking Canadians look for their solutions from Ottawa. Moreover, in the French-speaking areas, primarily Quebec, there is a sense of alienation from the federal government.In the case of China, there has been a long-standing culture based on Confucianism that has been prevalent in the country. But this indigenous political culture has been overlaid to a great extent by the import into the country of Communist models of political culture. (Levenson, 1958-65). However, the Chinese have a unique conception of Government and this has evolved inChina over several years, since the Han dynasty and Tang dynasties.