The Major Types of Flexible Working Conditions
Some of the major types of flexible working conditions are part-time employment, phased retirement. temporary employment. job sharing. flexible working hours. possibility to work from home and what has been termed as the compressed workweek (Kerka).
Such flexible working conditions have a number of attendant advantages and some of these are the possibility of devoting more time to education, the welfare of the children in the family, and the possibility of commuting to work at times when the traffic is less heavy. However, such benefits imply lower pay, benefits and terminal benefits. Moreover, such employees do not progress far in their careers and are more susceptible to being dismissed from service. In addition, employers have to face opposition from organized labor, incur greater expenditure on training and an enhancement in the workload of the supervisory and administrative staff (Kerka).
Nevertheless, at the managerial level, such part-time jobs are paid on par with full – time jobs. Further, there has been an increase in the number of skilled female workforce that seeks part-time employment during the years of child-rearing. This has led to an increase in the number of part-time job opportunities. In addition, several such part-time employees have to shoulder additional responsibilities that are unrelated to their employment and they are usually the spouse or civil partner of a person employed on a full – time basis, this makes part-time work very attractive (Kerka).
The present conditions prevailing in Australia entail the extension of support to the working-class people. Such support is essential in order to facilitate them to effectively balance the requirements of the employers and their commitments to their families. This has become a mandatory practice in organizations that have a workforce. Moreover, most of the Australian women employees are .mothers.